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Multiple Choice Questions
2) C) The Supreme Court had struck down the 150 year old adultery law saying it is arbitrary and violating the right to equality under article 14 of Indian constitution.
3) B) Quantitative easing is an unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases government securities or other securities from the market in order to lower interest rates and increase the money supply. It does not involve printing new bank notes.
· However , it can cause inflation and it is considered independent from the government
· It generally causes depreciation in the value of the home country's currency. It is good for a country's exports, but bad for imports.
4) A) MCI was the country’s top regulator for medical education and practice but the repeated accusations of corruption and inefficiency over its 60 year history lead the government to replace it with new regulator constituted through a presidential ordinance.
· National Medical Commission bill is still pending before parliament.
· The new regulator is a seven member body including NITI aayogs V.K.Paul and other doctors heading the top medical institutions in the country. It has already taken over the functions of MCI.
5) D) The Durand Line is the 2,430-kilometre (1,510 mi) international border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. It was established in 1896 between Sir Mortimer Durand, a British diplomat and civil servant of the British Raj,to improve diplomatic relations and trade.
· Afghanistan was considered by the British as an independent state at the time, although the British controlled its foreign affairs and diplomatic relations.
· Although the Durand Line is recognized as the western border of Pakistan, it remains largely unrecognized by Afghanistan.
6) D) The mercy petitions are to be decided by the president under his pardoning power but this power is not discretionary power of president instead he has to act according to advice of the cabinet.
· There is no time limit for the president to decide upon the mercy petitions.
· Whether he accept or reject the petitions, his decision is not subjected to judicial review until unless the judgement is pronounced arbitrarily , with discrimination and malafide.
· Once a mercy petition is rejected , a new petition is not to be filed immediately just to halt the punishment.