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Daily Quiz > 2018-09-18 > Multiple Choice Questions

1)    Leukemia, a common cancer affect the:
a)    Red Blood cells(RBC)
b)    Bone marrow.
c)    Islets of langerhans.
d)    Epithelial cells.

2)    I) Bhil is the populous tribal group with largest population in the country.
ii) They are indigenous tribes of state of Madhya Pradesh.
Select correct answers:
a)    Only i b) only ii c) Both d) None.

3)    I) Particularly Vulnerable Tribal groups (PVTGs) are created based on the Dhebar commission recommendations.
ii) The population growth among PVTGs is enormous.
Select correct answers:
a)    Only i b) only ii c) Both d) None.

4)    I) Vidharba is a eastern part of state of Maharashtra.
ii) The largest city in Vidharba is Nagpur.
Select correct answers:
a)    Only i b) only ii c) Both d) None.

5)    The following rights are available under Forest Rights Act, 2006.
i)    Right to live and hold the forest land under for self cultivation and livelihood.
ii)    Right of access to biodiversity and community right to intellectual property and traditional knowledge related to biodiversity and cultural diversity;
Select correct answers:
a)    Only i b) only ii c) Both d) None.

Answer Key:

1)    B) Leukemia is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells. These white blood cells are not fully developed and are called blasts or leukemia cells. Symptoms may include bleeding and bruising problems, feeling tired, fever, and an increased risk of infections. These symptoms occur due to a lack of normal blood cells. Diagnosis is typically made by blood tests or bone marrow biopsy.

2)    C) Most populous tribes according to the 2011 Census of India, Bhil is the most populous tribe with a total population constituting 37.7 per cent of the total ST population. Gond is the second largest tribe, with a population of constituting 35.6 per cent. Bhils are listed as indigenous people of the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan - all in the western Deccan regions and central India - as well as in Tripura in far-eastern India, on the border with Bangladesh. Bhils are divided into a number of endogamous territorial divisions, which in turn have a number of clans and lineages. Most Bhils now speak the language of the region they reside in, such as Marathi, Gujarati or a Hindustani dialect.

3)    A) Particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG ) is a government of India classification created with the purpose of enabling improvement in the conditions of certain communities with particularly low development indices.
•    The Dhebar Commission (1960-1961) stated that within Scheduled Tribes there existed an inequality in the rate of development. During the fourth Five Year Plan a sub-category was created within Scheduled Tribes to identify groups that considered being at a lower level of development. This sub-category was named "Primitive tribal group".
•    The features of such a group include a pre-agricultural system of existence that is practice of hunting and gathering, zero or negative population growth, extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups. Groups that satisfied any one of the criterion were considered as PTG.
•    In 2006 the government of India proposed to rename "Primitive tribal group" as particularly vulnerable tribal group". PTG has since been renamed Particularly vulnerable tribal group by the government of India.

4)    C) Vidarbha is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division.
•    It occupies 31.6% of the total area and holds 21.3% of the total population of Maharashtra. It borders the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the south and Marathwada and Khandesh regions of Maharashtra to the west.
•    Situated in central India, Vidarbha has its own rich cultural and historical background distinct from rest of Maharashtra. The largest city in Vidarbha is Nagpur followed by Amravati. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.
5)    C) The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, is a key piece of forest legislation passed in India on 18 December 2006. It has also been called the Forest Rights Act, the Tribal Rights Act, the Tribal Bill, and the Tribal Land Act. The law concerns the rights of forest-dwelling communities to land and other resources, denied to them over decades as a result of the continuance of colonial forest laws in India. The Act as passed in 2006 has the following basic points.
    These can be summarised as:
•    Title rights - i.e. ownership - to land that is being farmed by tribals or forest dwellers as on 13 December 2005, subject to a maximum of 4 hectares; ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family as on that date, meaning that no new lands are granted.
•    Use rights - to minor forest produce (also including ownership), to grazing areas, to pastoralist routes, etc.
•    Relief and development rights - to rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement;[15] and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection.
•    Forest management rights - to protect forests and wildlife