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Current Affairs > English > 2019-01-06 > Editorial

Swachh Sundar Shauchalaya

In an effort to promote ownership and sustained usage of toilets and also provide a facelift to the crores of toilets built under the Swachh Bharat Mission, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has launched a month-long campaign, Swachh Sundar Shauchalaya.

         The campaign comprises a unique Contest, under which, households are being mobilised to paint and decorate their toilets.

         It will be spearheaded by Gram Panchayats and coordinated by district administrations.

         The campaign will involve rural communities in the 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats across the country.

         Individual households, Gram Panchayats and Districts will be awarded on the basis of number of toilets painted and the quality and creativity of their work.


Key words: Swachh Sundar sauchalaya, SBM



Swachh Survekshan 2019

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, initiated the Swachh Survekshan 2019, the fourth edition of the annual cleanliness survey of Urban India.

         The survey will be conducted across 4,237 towns and cities.

         The completely digital and paperless survey will be completed in a record time of 28 days.

The objective of the Swachh Survekshan, which is conducted by an independent third party, is to encourage large scale citizen participation, ensure sustainability of initiatives taken towards garbage free and open defecation free cities, provide credible outcomes which would be validated by third party certification, institutionalize existing systems through online processes and create awareness amongst all sections of society about the importance of working together towards making towns and cities a better place to live in.


Key words: Swachh Survekshan, Urban cleanliness campaign


Swachh Bharat Mission


Why in News

According to a study by research institute for compassionate economics (r.i.c.e.) and the Accountability Initiative of the Centre for Policy Research, the percentage of people who owned toilets but continued to defecate in the open has remained unchanged between 2014 and 2018.



The impact of the Swachh Bharat Mission in the rural parts of four northern States shows that while open defecation has fallen and toilet ownership has increased, the percentage of people who owned toilets but continued to defecate in the open has remained unchanged between 2014 and 2018.

         This indicates that the Mission has been more successful at toilet construction than at driving behaviour change.

         Approximately 44% of people over two years old in rural Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh still defecate in the open.

         The working paper confirms that the Mission has driven toilet construction, although its findings are more modest than government claims. Almost 60% of households covered by the survey which did not have a toilet in 2014 had one by 2018, said the study.

         One major statistic, however, has remained unchanged since 2014: the fraction of people who own a toilet, but who nevertheless defecate in the open remains at about 23%.



Key words: SBM, CPR, Open Defecation



Childcare Institutions


Why in News

A study conducted by Childline India Foundation and the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), has found that most of the children at childcare institutions are not orphans.



Most children at childcare institutions are not orphans, but belong to family structures that are unable to look after them such as those that are headed by unwed mothers, abandoned wives, widows and single fathers

         The survey recorded shelters for children who are in need of care and protection such as those who dont have a home or parents as well as children in conflict with law or those who have been accused of or found to have committed a crime.

         The survey found more than 3.7 lakh children housed at these centres.

According to the report, children of single parents constituted a third of the total number of total children in homes, accounting for 1,20,118 children.

         This number is more than double that of children orphaned, abandoned and those surrendered by their parents at 41,730, 7,677 and 6,791 respectively.



Key words: Childcare, Juvenile Justice Act, Orphans


Fugitive economic offender


Why in News

Vijay Mallya became the first person to be declared a fugitive economic offender under the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act (FEOA).



The FEOA, allows for declaring a person as an offender after an arrest warrant has been issued against the individual and the value of offences exceeds Rs100 crore.

         Another condition for declaring a person a fugitive economic offender (FEO) is when the individual refuses to return to the country to face prosecution.

         As per the new law, a special FEOA court can order the confiscation of a FEOs properties, including those which are benami, and the proceeds of crime in and outside India.

         Once properties are confiscated, the Union government has the right over them, and it can dispose them after 90 days.



Key words: FEOA, Economic offender, NPA





Mission Kakatiya


Why in News

The Telangana Government has received Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP) award for excellence in Integrated Water Resources Management which includes restoration of minor irrigation tanks under Mission Kakatiya programme.



         The award is given to a State Water Resources Department for the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximise the resultant economic and social welfare.


Key words: Mission Kakatiya, Tank Irrigation, Water Management


Why in news

The Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP) has declared the APTransco as the Best Performing Power Transmission Utility in the country.

91st annual celebrations

Joint Managing Director, APTransco, Dinesh Paruchuri, received the award at CBIPs 91st annual celebrations in Delhi. The APTransco has been recognised for setting highest benchmarks in power transmission and ushering in advanced technologies.

Keywords: AP Transco, Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP), Dinesh Paruchuri.