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The courts cannot impose less than the minimum sentence prescribed by lawmakers for an offence, the Supreme Court held.
· Supreme court was acting on an appeal by the Madhya Pradesh government against the 2012 decision of the High Court, which cut short the six-month prison sentence awarded to Vikram Das — who was found guilty under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 — to the 11 days he had served so far.
· The Court held that the “High Court could not award sentence less than the minimum sentence contemplated by the statute” even if it was done in exercise of its inherent powers under Article 142 of the Constitution.
Key words: Art 142, Punishment, Higher Judiciary
Bivoltine Silk Production
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Telangana has received the ‘Best Bivoltine Silk Producing State’ award at the surging silk event organised by the Central Silk Board.
Telangana is encouraging mulberry cultivation required for silk production on 10,645 acres and established farmers’ producer organisation by mobilising 6,500 farmers engaged in sericulture.
· The extent of mulberry cultivation was divided into crop colonies and steps were taken to establish chawki-rearing centres to produce quality silkworms for bivoltine quality silk.
· New hybrid varieties of mulberry were provided to farmers for higher production along with subsidised drip irrigation systems.
· Besides, Rs 75 per kg incentive is being given towards production of cocoons.
· Last year, 2,807 tonnes of cocoons were produced in the State and 158.28 tonnes of raw silk yarn was produced from 1,106 tonnes of cocoons.
Key words: Mulberry Production, Bivoltine Silk, Telangana
Kistaram opencast coal mining project
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The expert appraisal committee of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has rejected the impact assessment report of the two-million-tonne-per-annum Kistaram opencast coal mining project proposed by the Singareni Collieries Company Ltd in Khammam district.
The committee pointed out that the impact assessment report prepared by Kakatiya University in association with the project proponent SCCL amounted to conflict of interest and it was not acceptable.
The committee, observed that the report submitted by Kakatiya University in association with SCCL was lacking the requisite details in respect of impact of mining operations on air and water quality, groundwater, stability of residential structures, source of livelihood for the locals of Sathupalli town, their dependency on the forest, flora and fauna, methodology for health survey and others.
Key words: Kistaram Coal Mining, Environment, Telangana
1. Which of the following statements are true with regard to Original jurisdiction of Supreme Court of India
a. The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time
b. Enforcement of fundamental rights comes under the original jurisdiction
A. a only
B. b only
C. Both a and b
D. Neither an or b
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
Original jurisdiction refers to the right of the Supreme court to hear a case for the first time.
In India, the Supreme Court has original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction.
Its exclusive original jurisdiction extends to all cases between the Government of India and the States of India or between Government of India and states on one side and one or more states on other side or cases between different states.
Original jurisdiction is related to cases which are directly brought to the Supreme Court. Cases which require the interpretation of the constitution or cases relating to the denial of fundamental rights are heard in the Supreme Court.
In addition, Article 32 of the Constitution of India grants original jurisdiction to the Supreme Court on all cases involving the enforcement of fundamental rights of citizens.